Search results “Sea carbon dioxide”
How Does Carbon Dioxide Enter Sea Water? : Earth Science
Subscribe Now: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=ehoweducation Watch More: http://www.youtube.com/ehoweducation Carbon dioxide that is dissolved in water is very similar in concept to carbonated water or carbonated soda. Find out how carbon dioxide enters sea water with help from the manager of the Science Division at Jet Propulsion Laboratory in this free video clip. Expert: Harold Yorke Contact: science.jpl.nasa.gov/people/Yorke/ Bio: Dr. Professor Harold W. Yorke is the manager of the Science Division at Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, and is one of the world's leading experts on star formation. Filmmaker: Colleen Yorke Series Description: Science doesn't get any less interesting once you've left the classroom. Find out information about a variety of interesting Earth science topics with help from the manager of the Science Division at Jet Propulsion Laboratory in this free video series.
Views: 19829 eHowEducation
Carbon dioxide ocean–atmosphere exchange
Atmospheric carbon dioxide is the most important human-made greenhouse gas responsible for global warming. Oceans assist in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere: phytoplankton accumulate carbon dioxide through photosynthesis and their chlorophyll colours the ocean’s waters. Satellites use this colour to measure chlorophyll, which helps scientists to calculate how much carbon dioxide is absorbed or emitted. Copyright: Planetary Visions (credit: ESA/CCI Ocean Colour/Climate Monitoring User Group/Planetary Visions)
The Crazy Plan to Capture and Store CO2 Under the Ocean
There’s technically a way to take pollution out of the air. But if we did that, where would we put it all? This Is What Pollution Does to Your Body ►►►►http://bit.ly/1JvKtfT Sign Up For The TestTube Newsletter Here ►►►► http://bit.ly/1myXbFG Read More: Trapping Carbon Dioxide Underground: Can We Do It? http://www.livescience.com/37906-geologic-carbon-sequestration-climate-change.html "A newly released geological report points to a promising way to cut down on the amount of harmful carbon dioxide pumped into the atmosphere: inject and store it inside rocks deep underground." Ocean Fertilization: Dead in the Water? http://www.nature.com/news/2009/090128/full/457520b.html "The theory that adding iron to the oceans can help suck up atmospheric carbon dioxide cheaply and efficiently has received a further blow. A study published in this week's issue of Nature finds that the potential of iron-induced carbon sequestration is far lower than previously estimated." Plan to Trap CO2 Under North Sea http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/humber/7440729.stm "Some of the UK's largest energy and industrial companies, including Corus, Scottish and Southern Energy, Powerfuel Power Ltd , BP, ConocoPhillips, E.ON , Drax Power and AMEC, helped produce the study. It proposes setting up a carbon capture and storage network which would connect major producers of carbon emissions in the region and remove their CO2 emissions via a pipeline leading to the seabed." ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Lissette Padilla on Twitter https://twitter.com/lizzette DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com Download the TestTube App: http://testu.be/1ndmmMq Sign Up For The TestTube Mailing List: http://dne.ws/1McUJdm
Views: 223637 Seeker
Carbon Dioxide Exchange between Atmosphere and Ocean
Atmospheric carbon dioxide is the most important human-made greenhouse gas responsible for global warming. Oceans assist in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere: phytoplankton accumulate carbon dioxide through photosynthesis and their chlorophyll colors the ocean’s waters. Satellites use this color to measure chlorophyll, which helps scientists to calculate how much carbon dioxide is absorbed or emitted. Credits: Planetary Visions/ESA Animation by Planetary Visions Data from CCI Ocean Color Team and Climate Modelling User Group
Views: 314 About Earth Only
NOAA Ocean Acidification - The Other Carbon Dioxide Problem
Fundamental changes in seawater chemistry are occurring throughout the world's oceans. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) from humankind's industrial and agricultural activities has increased the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. The ocean absorbs almost a third of the CO2 we release into the atmosphere every year, so as atmospheric CO2 levels increase, so do the levels in the ocean. Initially, many scientists focused on the benefits of the ocean removing this greenhouse gas from the atmosphere. However, decades of ocean observations now show that there is also a downside — the CO2 absorbed by the ocean is changing the chemistry of the seawater, a process called ocean acidification. This change in the ocean's chemistry will have profound effects on life in the ocean, and those who depend on it.
Views: 74830 GlobalClimateNews
Ocean Acidification
In this video Paul Andersen shows how carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is causing a decrease in the pH of the oceans. The carbon dioxide combines with the water to create carbonic acid which dissociates into bicarbonate and carbonate anions. Decreased pH leads to lower metabolism and immune response in marine species. Increased bicarbonate makes it difficult to form shells and reefs of calcium carbonate. Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: CCoil. (2015). English: Space-filling model of part of the crystal structure of calcium carbonate, CaCO3. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Calcium-carbonate-xtal-3D-SF.png Daviddarom. (1969). English: Coral reef with Pseudanthias squamipinnis, Gulf of Eilat Red Sea. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gulf_of_Eilat_(Red_Sea)_coral_reefs.jpg Dbc334. (2006). English: Molecule of water. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Water_molecule_3D.svg Fairbanks, P. by R. H. University of Alaska. (2004). English: A pelagic pteropod collected during one of the net tows. Species probably Limacina helicina. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LimacinaHelicinaNOAA.jpg Giesecke, R. (2010). English: Limacina rangii (d’Orbigny, 1834) (synonym: Limacina helicina, synonym: Limacina helicina antarctica) from the Lazarev Sea, Antarctic. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Limacina_antarctica.png Jynto, B. M. and. (2009). English: Ball and stick model of the Bicarbonate ion. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bicarbonate-ion-3D-balls.png Laboratory, N. E. V. (2011). English: In laboratory experiments, this pterapod shell dissolved over the course of 45 days in seawater adjusted to an ocean chemistry projected for the year 2100. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pterapod_shell_dissolved_in_seawater_adjusted_to_an_ocean_chemistry_projected_for_the_year_2100.jpg Meiyuchang, K. svg: U. work: (2010). Carbonate system of seawater. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carbonate_system_of_seawater.svg Mills, J. and B. (2010). Ball and stick model of the carbonic acid molecule. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carbonic-acid-3D-balls.png NASA/GISS, N. O. (2015). English: This map of the Earth shows surface temperature trends between 1950 and 2014. The key to this map is here. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:World_map_showing_surface_temperature_trends_between_1950_and_2014.png Plumbago. (2009). English: Estimated change in annual mean sea surface pH between the pre-industrial period (1700s) and the present day (1990s). Δ pH here is in standard pH units. Calculated from fields of dissolved inorganic carbon and alkalinity from the Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) climatology and temperature and salinity from the World Ocean Atlas (2005) climatology using Richard Zeebe’s csys package. It is plotted here using a Mollweide projection (using MATLAB and the M_Map package). Note that the GLODAP climatology is missing data in certain oceanic provinces including the Arctic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Malay Archipelago. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WOA05_GLODAP_del_pH_AYool.png Wikipedia, P. at E. (2007). English: Another diagram of the pH scale. Own work. PD release. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PH_scale_2.png Zander, “Jon. (2007). Pectinidé (il s’agit de la valve inférieure d’un gros pectinidé, pour moi Pecten maximus, la coquille Saint-Jacques, mais je ne suis pas un spécialiste et en plus on voit pas l’autre valve donc....). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Unknown_Bivalve_Macro.JPG
Views: 58989 Bozeman Science
Marine Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Cycles: The Basics
Review of basic sources, sinks, and transfer mechanisms for oxygen and carbon dioxide in the world's oceans. Developed for an introductory-level oceanography course. To access a version with CC, go to: http://www.ccsf.edu/earthrocks To access a version with CC, go to: http://www.ccsf.edu/earthrocks
Views: 5899 Earth Rocks!
Sea Level and CO2 Thomas Wysmuller
Thomas Wysmuller, formerly of NASA, explains the relationship (or non-relationship) between CO2 and sea levels. Recorded at the London conference on climate change, Sept 8-9, 2016.
Views: 14687 1000frolly
Can We Store CO2 At Sea? To Answer, Watch Bubbles! - Futuris
Is it possible to safely dispose of excess CO2 by storing it deep in the seabed? And what would be the effect on the ecosystem if this practise was widely used? A European research project called Eco2 carrying out tests in the North Sea and the Mediterranean is seeking to answer these questions. In idyllic waters off Italy's Aeolian Islands researchers are studying the possibilities of Carbon Capture and Storage, or CCS. Their goal is to make a significant contribution to reducing the greenhouse gases causing global warming. The scientists working off the Aeolian Islands are trying to figure out what happens when carbon dioxide leaks into the sea from the seabed. The archipelago was formed by volcanoes and there are big quantities of natural deposits of CO2, making it an ideal research site... READ MORE: http://www.euronews.com/2014/11/10/watching-for-bubbles-storing-co2-at-sea/ euronews knowledge brings you a fresh mix of the world's most interesting know-hows, directly from space and sci-tech experts. Subscribe for your dose of space and sci-tech: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronewsknowledge Made by euronews, the most watched news channel in Europe.
Views: 577 euronews Knowledge
Carbon dioxide dissolves in water
Here is some pure water, which has a pH of 7, shown by using this testing paper and matching the color to the chart on the side of the box. If I take a straw and blow into the water, what gases are going into the water? The one I am interested in is carbon dioxide, which can dissolve in water and react to form an acid. CO2(g) + H2O(l)  H2CO3(aq)  H+(aq) + HCO3‑(aq) So after I blow into the water several times, I should have a solution which is more acid than it was before. Let's check by retesting the pH of the solution. It is now down to 5, rather than the 7 it was as pure water. pH 5 is an acid, so the carbon dioxide has dissolved in the water and reacted. Thus my chemical reaction really has made hydrogen ions in the water, meaning that the carbon dioxide gas dissolved and reacted. CO2(g) + H2O(l)  H+(aq) + HCO3‑(aq) What does this mean about rain which passes through air with CO2 in it ?
Views: 71486 CPDEatUCO
The Biological Pump
The amount of carbon dioxide that is in the atmosphere affects global climate. Carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere when it dissolved in the surface ocean, but can return to the atmosphere if it remains in the surface. The biological pump is one process that leads to long term carbon storage in the deep ocean. Music credit: Zebra by Beach House, live at KEXP
Views: 15713 Colleen Durkin
What are carbon sinks? | Sustainability
In the fight against climate change, nature itself has its own weapons to try to keep the average temperature of the planet from increasing. Carbon sinks are natural (oceans and forests) and artificial deposits (certain technologies and chemicals) that absorb and capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and reduce its concentration in the air. Carbon sinks are an important help to combat climate change, but they do not solve it. It is essential to abandon our dependence on fossil fuels and to make a strong commitment to renewable energies. More information: http://www.activesustainability.com/climate-change/carbon-sinks-what-are/ Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/interacciona1?sub_confirmation=1 Website: http://www.acciona.com/ --Social Media-- Twitter: https://twitter.com/acciona_en Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ACCIONA.English/ LinkedIn: http://acciona.sa/YsSOM Google +: http://acciona.sa/YsT6T Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/acciona/
Views: 36032 ACCIONA
How does the ocean control atmospheric CO2?
The 2nd video in the 'IMOS in MOcean' series examines carbon and heat transfer between ocean and atmosphere. CSIRO scientist, Tom Trull, explains how these processes in the ‪‎Southern Ocean‬ play a key role in global ‪climate change‬ and how IMOS measures these variables.
Views: 353 IMOS5395
Ocean Acidification Explained
This short video briefly talks about the issues happening because of ocean acidification. This is a video that I made for a High School Chemistry project. This is an issue that not everyone has heard about, but is important to everyone.
Views: 35801 randomSFstuff
Is Deep Ocean Carbon Storage a Good Idea?
KAUST Research Scientist Jesus Arrieta and a research team investigated dissolved organic carbon located in the deep ocean (below 1,000 meters) that is locked away from the atmosphere. Arrieta discusses two conflicting hypotheses regarding this carbon, the first which proposes it is made of chemical structures impossible for bacteria to degrade, and the second that states that bacteria are able to use the carbon, but it is present in dilute amounts and the bacteria do not expend energy to utilize such dilute compounds. Arrieta's team found that by increasing the concentration of these compounds, bacteria in the deep ocean were able to use them and grew at the same rate as in surface waters, supporting the second hypothesis. For more information see: https://discovery.kaust.edu.sa/en/article/90/dynamics-of-deep-sea-carbon-deposits-spike-interest Corresponding Paper: Dilution limits dissolved organic carbon utilization in the deep ocean - http://science.sciencemag.org/content/348/6232/331
Views: 1034 KAUST Official
PulseTalks: Carbon Dioxide in the Ocean
Dr. Elisabeth Sikes recounts how all the missing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has ended up in the ocean, and the underlying chemistry behind this transfer.
Views: 1100 pulsetalks
Impact of Rising Carbon Dioxide Levels on the Ocean in 60 Seconds
8th grade video project - What is the impact of rising CO2 levels on the ocean?
Views: 34 OLPHCougars
How To Reduce Carbon Dioxide In The Air | Chemistry for All | FuseSchool
Through photosynthesis, plants take in carbon dioxide from the air and split it and use it (and water) to make carbohydrates. So surely plants can help us reduce carbon dioxide in the air? Possibly... But equally, the carbon in plants is then cycled back into the air in the carbon cycle (plants eat them...) Before we started burning fossil fuels, the carbon from dead organisms was locked up underground. Pumping carbon dioxide back into these old gas wells could be an option. Adding iron to seawater is another option so that more algae can grow in the oceans, locking up carbon as it grows. Some of this carbon is cycled back into the carbon cycle, but lots of it will be deposited at the bottom of the ocean as the algae dies. The problem with this is whether it can be carried out on a global scale. Other problems we need to solve are how to capture the carbon before it enters back into the air; will we have to put bags over our car exhaust pipes? and over factory chimneys?! SUBSCRIBE to the Fuse School YouTube channel for many more educational videos. Our teachers and animators come together to make fun & easy-to-understand videos in Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Maths & ICT. JOIN our platform at www.fuseschool.org This video is part of 'Chemistry for All' - a Chemistry Education project by our Charity Fuse Foundation - the organisation behind FuseSchool. These videos can be used in a flipped classroom model or as a revision aid. Find our other Chemistry videos here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLW0gavSzhMlReKGMVfUt6YuNQsO0bqSMV Twitter: https://twitter.com/fuseSchool Access a deeper Learning Experience in the Fuse School platform and app: www.fuseschool.org Follow us: http://www.youtube.com/fuseschool Friend us: http://www.facebook.com/fuseschool This Open Educational Resource is free of charge, under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC ( View License Deed: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ ). You are allowed to download the video for nonprofit, educational use. If you would like to modify the video, please contact us: [email protected]
Carbon dioxide making oceans more acidic, threatening sea life
The new U.N. climate report shows global average temperature rise has slowed, but the rise in greenhouse gases has not. Carbon dioxide produces a weak acid when absorbed by oceans, and that acid is affecting a California oyster company's business. Ben Tracy reports.
Views: 778 CBS News
C5 CO2 and the Sea (equilibria) [SL IB Chemistry]
CO2 dissolves into the sea to form carbonic acid. Acids lower the pH of the ocean and dissolve coral. This is bad.
Views: 2454 Richard Thornley
What Is Ocean Acidification? | A Cartoon Crash Course
There’s a chemical change under way in our oceans. It's called ocean acidification. As the ocean absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, it's becoming more acidic—eroding the shells of marine life like oysters, clams, and urchins, which are vital to the food web. Scientists predict that ocean acidification could wipe out most coral reefs by the middle of this century, and it’s affecting other animals, too. The good news is that, if we reverse course, the ocean should regain its chemical balance. If not, well, the truth will be a lot scarier than fiction. Nationally syndicated cartoonist Jim Toomey, creator of Sherman's Lagoon, has joined forces with The Pew Charitable Trusts to illustrate "ocean acidification" and other terms associated with our oceans. Watch the full ocean terms video series: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/collections/2016/01/cartoon-crash-course-a-visual-glossary-of-ocean-terminology *TRANSCRIPT* Invisible force invades world, slowly dissolving residents! Sounds like science fiction. Actually, it’s science nonfiction – otherwise known as reality – and it’s happening in our oceans right now. “It” is ocean acidification. “Huh?” The oceans absorbs about a third of the carbon dioxide that spews forth from our cars, power plants, factories and airplanes. That’s over 22 million tons of CO2 every day! But the ocean doesn’t just “absorb” all that CO2. There’s a chemical reaction at work here. Through processes involving hydrogen ions and other science-y nonfiction words, the ocean is becoming more acidic, and that in turn is eroding the shells of vital marine species including clams, oysters, urchins, and pteropods. Oh sure, I know what you’re thinking… “Who cares about a bunch of pteropods?” But these animals are part of the foundation of an enormous food web. And when little things change on a big scale, big changes are sure to follow. The chemical change in our seawater is also having an effect on corals. In fact, scientists say that ocean acidification could wipe out most coral reefs by the middle of this century. It’s affecting larger animals, too. For example, certain fish have a harder time detecting predators. And that’s just for starters. The good news is that with less carbon pollution, the ocean should regain its chemical balance. If not, the truth will be a lot scarier than fiction. Pewtrusts.org/oceanacid
Views: 53598 Pew
NASA | A Year in the Life of Earth's CO2
An ultra-high-resolution NASA computer model has given scientists a stunning new look at how carbon dioxide in the atmosphere travels around the globe. Plumes of carbon dioxide in the simulation swirl and shift as winds disperse the greenhouse gas away from its sources. The simulation also illustrates differences in carbon dioxide levels in the northern and southern hemispheres and distinct swings in global carbon dioxide concentrations as the growth cycle of plants and trees changes with the seasons. The carbon dioxide visualization was produced by a computer model called GEOS-5, created by scientists at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center’s Global Modeling and Assimilation Office. The visualization is a product of a simulation called a “Nature Run.” The Nature Run ingests real data on atmospheric conditions and the emission of greenhouse gases and both natural and man-made particulates. The model is then left to run on its own and simulate the natural behavior of the Earth’s atmosphere. This Nature Run simulates January 2006 through December 2006. While Goddard scientists worked with a “beta” version of the Nature Run internally for several years, they released this updated, improved version to the scientific community for the first time in the fall of 2014. This video is public domain and can be downloaded at: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/goto?11719 Like our videos? Subscribe to NASA's Goddard Shorts HD podcast: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/iTunes/f0004_index.html Or find NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NASA.GSFC Or find us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/NASAGoddard
Views: 2187058 NASA Goddard
Understanding Atmospheric Oxygen: Global Carbon Dioxide - Perspectives on Ocean Science
UCSD-TV and San Diego Opera present a panel discussion about San Diego Operas combined production of Mascagnis Cavalleria Rusticana and Leoncavallos Pagliacci, featuring cast members Richard Leech, Elizabeth Futral, Bruno Caproni, Scott Hendricks and Carter Scott; conductor Edoardo Müller; and director Lotfi Mansouri. Hosted by Nicolas Reveles. [Arts and Music] [Show ID: 14499]
Carbon dioxide experiments on the seafloor
This video shows an experiment to study the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) on deep-sea animals. About one third of the carbon dioxide that humans release into the atmosphere each year is absorbed by the ocean. As more and more carbon dioxide enters the ocean, it effects the plants, animals, and microbes in the water and on the seafloor. This experiment was conducted by James Barry at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) using a robot submarine. You can see parts of the robot submarine in the foreground at the beginning of the video. At a depth of about 3,300 meters (2 miles) below the surface, the robot submarine touches down on the seafloor, then pours carbon dioxide into white plastic rings. The carbon dioxide turns into a liquid because of the high pressure and near freezing temperature of the surrounding seawater. As the carbon dioxide in the rings gradually dissolves into the surrounding seawater, the seawater becomes more acidic. Around the rings are cages containing deep-sea animals, including hagfish and octopus. An underwater camera near the cages collects video to document any changes in the behavior of the caged animals. A rattail fish (grenadier) swims past the experiment, apparently unaffected. At the end of the video, the robot submarine collects a sample of seafloor mud using a clear plastic push core. This mud is brought back to the surface so that researchers can find out if the acidic seawater affected tiny animals that live in the sediment. MBARI dive video T-0387-05; Lat 36.2 N; Long 122.6 E
Ocean Acidification: The Other Carbon Dioxide Threat | Video
When carbon dioxide is absorbed by the ocean, the water's acid level rises. If this level gets too high, some sea creatures that build protective shells can't grow as fast or even have their shells dissolve, threatening the entire food chain.
Views: 1195 LiveScience
The Global Carbon Cycle: Crash Course Chemistry #46
You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.subbable.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Also, if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing great content. In this final episode of Crash Course Chemistry, Hank takes us on a tour of the The Global Carbon Cycle and how it all works. From Carbon Fixation to Redox Reactions, it's all contained within! -- Table of Contents The Carbon Cycle 0:51 Carbon Fixation 2:55 Cellular & Macroscopic Respiration in Living Things 4:59 Deposition in Limestone & Fossil Fuels 6:27 Redox Reactions Everywhere 4:27 Excessive Use of Fossil Fuels = Possible End of Humanity 7:45 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
Views: 749318 CrashCourse
Ocean Acidification
Learn about the effects that carbon dioxide emissions have on ocean invertebrates. This video is brought to you by the North Carolina Aquarium at Fort Fisher.
Views: 78820 NCAquariumFortFisher
The Other Carbon Dioxide Problem
Fundamental changes in seawater chemistry are occurring throughout the world's oceans. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) from humankind's industrial and agricultural activities has increased the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. The ocean absorbs almost a third of the CO2 we release into the atmosphere every year, so as atmospheric CO2 levels increase, so do the levels in the ocean. Initially, many scientists focused on the benefits of the ocean removing this greenhouse gas from the atmosphere. However, decades of ocean observations now show that there is also a downside — the CO2 absorbed by the ocean is changing the chemistry of the seawater, a process called ocean acidification. This change in the ocean's chemistry will have profound effects on life in the ocean, and those who depend on it.
Views: 21941 NOAAVisualizations
Demystifying ocean acidification and biodiversity impacts
Why are the oceans becoming more acidic and how does that threaten biodiversity? Human activities produce excessive carbon dioxide and much of it is absorbed by the oceans, where it is converted to an acid. For more biodiversity tutorials, visit http://bit.ly/cas-khan.
Introduction to CO2 Chemistry in Seawater Part 1
Over the past twenty years, accurate measurement of the seawater carbon dioxide system has become a high priority for scientists who have worked to understand just how much of the carbon dioxide created by man's activities has ended up in the ocean, where it is distributed, and how it has changed the chemistry of the oceans; a process known as ocean acidification. Andrew G. Dickson, Professor of Marine Chemistry at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography UC San Diego, has been measuring carbon dioxide in seawater for over 30 years. In this two-part series, he introduces the basic chemical processes underlying the study of carbon dioxide in the oceans, and provides an overview of the experimental techniques that are in use to measure the levels of carbon dioxide in seawater indicating how a newcomer to this field might make decisions as to what research tools best suit them. Series: "Scientific Horizons " [4/2012] [Science] [Show ID: 23499]
Does CO2 lead or lag global temperature?
SOURCES: 0:00 "An Inconvenient Truth" Al Gore 0:17 "The Great Global Warming Swindle" Martin Durkin 1:43 Ibid 2:21 "Timing of Atmospheric CO2 and Antarctic Temperature Changes Across Termination III" -- Caillon et al, Science 2003 2:36 Graph taken from joannenova.com.au 2:52 "Timing of Atmospheric CO2 and Antarctic Temperature Changes Across Termination III" -- Caillon et al, Science 2003 3:21 Ibid 3:26 "Global warming preceded by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations during the last deglaciation" -- Jeremy D. Shakun, Nature 2012 3:29 Ibid. 3:47 "The ice-core record: climate sensitivity and future greenhouse warming" -- C. Lorius et al., Nature 1990 6:12 http://wattsupwiththat.com/2009/01/30/co2-temperatures-and-ice-ages/ 7:06 "CO2 record in the Byrd ice core 50,000 -- 5,000 years BP" A Neftel et al., Nature 1988 7:09 Ibid. 7:15 "The ice-core record: climate sensitivity and future greenhouse warming" -- C. Lorius et al., Nature 1990 7:18 Ibid. 7:23 "CO2-climate relationship as deduced from the Vostok ice core" -- Barnola et al, Tellus 1991 7:28 Ibid. 7:42 "Investigations of Milankovitch and the quaternary curve of effective solar radiation" -- Wenceslas S. Jardetzky, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 95, pp. 418--423 7:56 "Man-made carbon dioxide and the "greenhouse" effect" JS Sawyer - Nature, 1972 8:02 Ibid. 8:20 "A time-dependent climatic feedback system involving sea-ice extent, ocean temperature and CO2" -- Satltzman and Moritz, Tellus 1980 8:24 Ibid. 8:45 http://jonova.s3.amazonaws.com/sh1/the_skeptics_handbook_2-3_lq.pdf 8:5---8 "Tightened constraints on the time-lag between Antarctic temperature and CO2 during the last deglaciation" -- J. B. Pedro, Climate of the Past, 2012 9:07 http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/07/23/new-research-in-antarctica-shows-co2-follows-temperature-by-a-few-hundred-years-at-most/ 9:34 "Man-made carbon dioxide and the "greenhouse" effect" JS Sawyer - Nature, 1972 9:50 http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/07/23/new-research-in-antarctica-shows-co2-follows-temperature-by-a-few-hundred-years-at-most/ -- Original news release can be found at: http://news.ku.dk/all_news/2012/2012.7/rise_in_temperatures_and_co2
Views: 107580 potholer54
Aquarium CO2 Water Chemistry
DIYAQUAPROS website: http://www.diyaquapros.com *FREE* downloadable content! Join The DIY AQUAPRO Team ! FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/DIYAQUAPROS TWITTER: @DIYAQUAPROS It's vital to have a good understanding of how CO2 reacts with water in the aquarium. Supplementing CO2 via a DIY or Pressurized system will have an effect on water parameters and can lead to trouble if you are not prepared. This video highlights the main reaction of CO2 mixing with water and how pH plays a role in the conversion of CO2 into the different forms of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). When CO2 is supplemented in the planted aquarium, the initial effect is drop in pH due to the formation and quick disassociation of protons from carbonic acid, the compound that forms as a result of CO2+H2O. The resulting compound is bicarbonate, an intermediate molecule in the DIC equilibrium. For aquariums with a neutral pH ~7 this will be the predominant form of carbon that results from the CO2 supplementation. Bicarbonate acts as a pH buffer and helps to regulate the severity of pH swings that occur during different parts of the day and night in the aquarium. Carbonate is the final piece of the puzzle, but is rarely seen in high quantities in the freshwater environment. Carbonate formation will only occur at a high pH, generally ~8.5 and above. This compound often precipitates out of solution when in the presence of high Ca2+ levels.
Views: 22278 AQUAPROS
What happen to the pH of sea water if extra carbon dioxide dissolved in it?
What happen to the pH of sea water if extra carbon dioxide dissolved in it? This experiment is to show what happen when we keep on adding more and more carbon into sea water.
Views: 95 Sopheavy Lay
Can we stop climate change by removing CO2 from the air? | Tim Kruger
Could we cure climate change? Geoengineering researcher Tim Kruger wants to try. He shares one promising possibility: using natural gas to generate electricity in a way that takes carbon dioxide out of the air. Learn more -- both the potential and the risks -- about this controversial field that seeks creative, deliberate and large-scale intervention to stop the already catastrophic consequences of our warming planet. Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED
Views: 170733 TED
Rising carbon dioxide levels in oceans a danger to sea life
Coast to coast in the U.S., rising carbon dioxide levels in the ocean are threatening sea life. CCTV's Karina Huber reports from the northeastern U.S., where shellfish farmers are starting to feel the impact. Follow CCTV America's The Heat: Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTV_TheHeat
Views: 255 The HEAT
Carbon dioxide released from the ocean may have ended last ice age, says recent study
Recent research conducted by the University of Southampton and published in Nature magazine suggests that carbon dioxide released from the ocean played a large role in ending the most recent ice age. The studies were based on analyzing the calcium carbonate shells in plankton that lived in the ocean thousands of years ago. By examining the shells of microbes called foraminifera, which preserves the ratio of chemicals in seawater as they grow, researchers were able to determine the concentration of dissolved inorganic carbon in ocean water thousands of years ago. Research points to a huge, sudden rise in dissolved carbon concentrations in the surface water of the Atlantic Ocean and in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean at the end of the last ice age. This sudden rise in concentration corresponds to the simultaneously increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Based on these findings, scientists suggest that at that point in time, upwellings in the Southern Atlantic Ocean and the eastern Pacific Ocean occurred. This caused isolated reservoirs of cold, carbon-rich waters to churn up to the surface. There’s a high concentration of dissolved carbon at greater depths in the ocean because waste and decay fall to the bottom of the ocean and some of the carbon is further retained in calcium carbonate shells like those examined in this recent study. The upwelling reconnected large concentrations of carbon with the water surface where it readily transformed into carbon dioxide and was absorbed into the atmosphere. As a greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere absorbed solar energy and thereby warmed the atmosphere. As the oceans began to warm as a consequence, the oceans are also unable to absorb as much atmospheric carbon dioxide and this continues to lead to an increasingly warm atmosphere. ----------------------------------------­--------------------- Welcome to TomoNews, where we animate the most entertaining news on the internets. Come here for an animated look at viral headlines, US news, celebrity gossip, salacious scandals, dumb criminals and much more! Subscribe now for daily news animations that will knock your socks off. For news that's fun and never boring, visit our channel: http://www.youtube.com/user/TomoNewsUS Subscribe to stay updated on all the top stories: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCt-WqkTyKK1_70U4bb4k4lQ?sub_confirmation=1 Visit our official website for all the latest, uncensored videos: http://us.tomonews.net Check out our Android app: http://bit.ly/1rddhCj Check out our iOS app: http://bit.ly/1gO3z1f Stay connected with us here: Facebook http://www.facebook.com/TomoNewsUS Twitter @tomonewsus http://www.twitter.com/TomoNewsUS Google+ http://plus.google.com/+TomoNewsUS/ Instagram @tomonewsus http://instagram.com/tomonewsus -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Crying dog breaks the internet’s heart — but this sad dog story has a happy ending" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4prKTN9bYQc -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 10175 TomoNews US
Ocean Acidification: The Other Carbon Dioxide Problem [1080p]
Fundamental changes in seawater chemistry are occurring throughout the world's oceans. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) from humankind's industrial and agricultural activities has increased the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. The ocean absorbs almost a third of the CO2 we release into the atmosphere every year, so as atmospheric CO2 levels increase, so do the levels in the ocean. Initially, many scientists focused on the benefits of the ocean removing this greenhouse gas from the atmosphere. However, decades of ocean observations now show that there is also a downside — the CO2 absorbed by the ocean is changing the chemistry of the seawater, a process called ocean acidification. This change in the ocean's chemistry will have profound effects on life in the ocean, and those who depend on it. credit: NOAA source: http://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/MediaDetail.php?MediaID=722&MediaTypeID=2
Views: 809 djxatlanta
How much carbon dioxide dissolved in the sea water?
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Views: 234 Question & Answer
Oceans warm up and acidify because of increasing carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere
Films on Ocean Warming and Acidification "Corrosive Oceans": addresses wide-held concerns about the impact that ocean acidification may have on marine life - today and in the near future. The film explains the relationship between increasing levels of CO2 in the atmosphere and the health of marine organisms - in particular calcifying organisms such as corals and shellfish. Scientific findings on ocean acidification are still predominantly based on experimental research in the laboratory. More data from the field is needed to verify the results of these studies. The film accompanies a group of scientists while they are taking a close look at under water sites in the Mediterranean Sea. These scientists want to find out whether marine life has already been affected by an increase of pH in the waters. Another group of scientists is shown as they are observing marine life close to undersea volcanic vents. Their research gives an indication of how the conditions for marine life may change in the future if the levels of CO2 in the atmosphere continue to increase. - See more at: http://www.eusem.com/main/CE/SIP_C5pub2012
Views: 4251 eusem1eu
Buried at Sea
Scripps researchers are studying CO2 sequestration to determine if its a viable solution to combat global warming. This video was produced for Scripps Institution of Oceanography's FREE, award-winning, explorations e-magazine. SIGN UP for explorations: http://explorations.ucsd.edu/Sign_Up/
Views: 19220 Scripps Oceanography
Ocean Circulation Plays an Important Role in Absorbing Carbon from the Atmosphere
The oceans play a significant role in absorbing greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide, and heat from the atmosphere. This absorption can help mitigate the early effects of human-emissions of carbon dioxide. The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation acts as a conveyor belt of ocean water from Florida to Greenland. Along the journey north, water near the surface absorbs greenhouse gases, which sink down as the water cools near Greenland. In this way, the ocean effectively buries the gases deep below the surface. Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/ Kathryn Mersmann Music: Anywhere by François Pavan [SACEM], Mi-Yung Pavan [SACEM]. This video is public domain and along with other supporting visualizations can be downloaded from the Scientific Visualization Studio at: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/12629 If you liked this video, subscribe to the NASA Goddard YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/NASAExplorer Or subscribe to NASA’s Goddard Shorts HD Podcast: http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/iTunes/f0004_index.html Follow NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center · Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NASA.GSFC · Twitter http://twitter.com/NASAGoddard · Flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/gsfc/ · Instagram http://www.instagram.com/nasagoddard/ · Google+ http://plus.google.com/+NASAGoddard/posts
Views: 14198 NASA Goddard
The Oceans are the World's Largest Carbon Sink
Where does all the carbon go?
Views: 8622 adamgotch
World & Climate News, Sea Ice, Carbon Dioxide & EQ Report with Margo (Mar. 2, 2019)
Margo goes over new carbon dioxide data for Mon., Feb. 25, Arctic & Antarctic sea ice, recent earthquakes worldwide and a few news items. Time is short - get your spiritual houses in order. God bless everyone. Power to the Truth! Peace, Margo Margo's Website: http://glc.margoshealingcorner.com If you've not seen my background videos on methane, sulfur dioxide or ozone, here are the links: Global Methane Forecasts (April 28, 2018): https://youtu.be/76T1w7pFWRo Sulfur Dioxide & Volcanic Gases - Part 1 (May 23, 2018): https://youtu.be/mluvf_fibPQ Looking at Ozone - Part 1 (June 24, 2018): https://youtu.be/BR06PpHowjI Looking at Ozone - Part 2 (June 25, 2018): https://youtu.be/CA9mx7yzdOU Looking at Ozone - Part 3 (June 26, 2018): https://youtu.be/9_KTbVMgNjE Commonly Used Links: https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes https://www.emsc-csem.org/#2 https://atmosphere.copernicus.eu/charts/cams/methane-forecasts?facets=undefined&time=2019020700,3,2019020703&projection=classical_north_pole&layer_name=composition_ch4_surface https://earth.google.com/ https://climatereanalyzer.org/ https://worldview.earthdata.nasa.gov/ https://nsidc.org/data/seaice_index/ https://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/GLBhycomcice1-12/arctic.html https://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/GLBhycomcice1-12/POLAR.html http://www.spaceweather.com/ Show Links: https://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/high-winds-frigid-temps-leave-waterfront-house-completely-encased-in-4-feet-of-ice/70007584?fbclid=IwAR24JPTO_wGwA4Z96pdHL69praYD9Ld6mI0SVD_thuiXskTSbWkYhGXXKh0 https://futurism.com/pentagon-smartphones-recognize-people-gait https://orovillenewsonly.blog/2019/02/27/oroville-dam-blvd-closure-wednesday-february-27/?fbclid=IwAR2ocTyjlcM-x8kQ4IDMCLlaNtQqpF_BLRX1om33NpulkAMf-jWXRxT2QEw https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/01/sports/iditarod-climate-change-warming.html?fbclid=IwAR1cEjozlsQzq55EDTHBKT6ITEDUJvDeuMMyAYTvBFnrmmm0aI-0iJmopm8 https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-leeds-47381119?fbclid=IwAR0yllbV1s12zaoA0M98txFIsxDf8qC_jVrmyqfgk4Z-6jIL_dd2yRLnehs http://www.knom.org/wp/blog/2019/03/01/sea-ice-almost-gone-in-norton-sound-conditions-similar-to-last-march/?fbclid=IwAR0ghYRTye_L8iAK7na87drFpgsdHJWUS7-L-mA3rL8V7CtqJQFEKthQ1q4 https://robinwestenra.blogspot.com/2019/02/michae-schellenberger-shill-for-nuclear.html?fbclid=IwAR2SrTCFN_JKruN1JkP9UKwQOzrJpR7FEo4XZRXH-15ctVIwFD3gslAlblU https://robinwestenra.blogspot.com/2019/02/methane-emissions-21-02-m-26-02.html http://www.environmentandsociety.org/arcadia/nuclear-disaster-kyshtym-1957-and-politics-cold-war http://www.environmentandsociety.org/perspectives/2016/1/article/flying-dutchmen-ships-tales-toxic-waste-globalized-world https://www.wearethemighty.com/history/navy-nuclear-waste-dumping?rebelltitem=3#rebelltitem3 https://youtu.be/BIxJza3fiGw
Seasonal Changes in Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas released to the atmosphere through human activities. It is also influenced by natural exchange with the land and ocean. This visualization provides a high-resolution, three-dimensional view of global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations from September 1, 2014 to August 31, 2015. The visualization was created using output from the GEOS modeling system, developed and maintained by scientists at NASA. The height of Earth’s atmosphere and topography have been vertically exaggerated and appear approximately 400 times higher than normal to show the complexity of the atmospheric flow. Measurements of carbon dioxide from NASA’s second Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2) spacecraft are incorporated into the model every 6 hours to update, or “correct,” the model results, called data assimilation. As the visualization shows, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can be mixed and transported by winds in the blink of an eye. For several decades, scientists have measured carbon dioxide at remote surface locations and occasionally from aircraft. The OCO-2 mission represents an important advance in the ability to observe atmospheric carbon dioxide. OCO-2 collects high-precision, total column measurements of carbon dioxide (from the sensor to Earth’s surface) during daylight conditions. While surface, aircraft, and satellite observations all provide valuable information about carbon dioxide, these measurements do not tell us the amount of carbon dioxide at specific heights throughout the atmosphere or how it is moving across countries and continents. Numerical modeling and data assimilation capabilities allow scientists to combine different types of measurements (e.g., carbon dioxide and wind measurements) from various sources (e.g., satellites, aircraft, and ground-based observation sites) to study how carbon dioxide behaves in the atmosphere and how mountains and weather patterns influence the flow of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Scientists can also use model results to understand and predict where carbon dioxide is being emitted and removed from the atmosphere and how much is from natural processes and human activities. Carbon dioxide variations are largely controlled by fossil fuel emissions and seasonal fluxes of carbon between the atmosphere and land biosphere. For example, dark red and orange shades represent regions where carbon dioxide concentrations are enhanced by carbon sources. During Northern Hemisphere fall and winter, when trees and plants begin to lose their leaves and decay, carbon dioxide is released in the atmosphere, mixing with emissions from human sources. This, combined with fewer trees and plants removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, allows concentrations to climb all winter, reaching a peak by early spring. During Northern Hemisphere spring and summer months, plants absorb a substantial amount of carbon dioxide through photosynthesis, thus removing it from the atmosphere and change the color to blue (low carbon dioxide concentrations). This three-dimensional view also shows the impact of fires in South America and Africa, which occur with a regular seasonal cycle. Carbon dioxide from fires can be transported over large distances, but the path is strongly influenced by large mountain ranges like the Andes. Near the top of the atmosphere, the blue color indicates air that last touched the Earth more than a year before. In this part of the atmosphere, called the stratosphere, carbon dioxide concentrations are lower because they haven’t been influenced by recent increases in emissions. This narrated version of the visualization was created specifically to support a series of papers in the journal Science and for submission to SIGGRAPH 2017's Computer Animation Festival. Visualizers: Greg Shirah (lead), Horace Mitchell For more information or to download this public domain video, go to https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/4565#77746
Oxygen and Carbon in the Ocean
What determines the concentration of oxygen and carbon in the ocean. Two gasses that are critical for life and the climate. This covers the processes that determine the fluxes in to and out from the ocean as well as the distribution of these gases within the ocean. For the carbon cycle the affect of organic matter production and the precipitation of inorganic carbonate (CaCO3) is outlined. The importance of the Alkalinity on the distribution of the different carbon species and hence atmospheric CO2 is also covered.
Views: 2287 GeoOceanology
Deep-sea bacteria could help neutralize greenhouse gas
GAINESVILLE, Fla. — A bacteria plucked from the bottom of the ocean could be put to work neutralizing large amounts of industrial carbon dioxide, a group of UF Health researchers has found. Carbon dioxide, a major contributor to the buildup of atmospheric greenhouse gases, can be captured and neutralized in a process known as sequestration. But converting the carbon dioxide into a harmless compound requires a durable, heat tolerant enzyme. That’s where the bacteria studied by UF Health researchers come into play. The bacteria — Thiomicrospira crunogena — produce carbonic anhydrase, an enzyme that helps break down carbon dioxide in organisms. So what makes the deep-sea bacteria so attractive? It lives in hydrothermal vents, so the enzyme it produces is accustomed to high temperatures. That’s exactly what’s needed for the enzyme to work during the process of reducing industrial carbon dioxide, said Robert McKenna, Ph.D., a professor of biochemistry and microbiology in the UF College of Medicine. “This little critter has evolved to deal with those problems. It has already adapted to some of the conditions it would face in an industrial setting,” he said. The findings by the McKenna’s group, which included graduate research assistant Brian Mahon and graduate student Avni Bhatt, were published recently in the journal Biological Crystallography. The chemistry of sequestering works this way: The enzyme, carbonic anhydrase, catalyzes a chemical reaction of carbon dioxide and water. The carbon dioxide interacts with the enzyme, converting the greenhouse gas into bicarbonate. The bicarbonate can then be further processed into products such as baking soda and chalk.
Views: 4219 UFHealth
Carbon Dioxide Cannot be the Cause of Global Warming
The trends of Carbon Dioxide levels are compared to the trends of Global Average Temperature to determine any causal connection during the period 1750 to 2016.
Thin Ice: the Southern Ocean - Oceans and carbon dioxide
Lionel and James explain how CO2 is taken up by the oceans. Lisa Northcote filters surface water to measure CO2 uptake by biota. Scott shows a coring operation to measure the rate at which this accumulates on the sea floor. For more information visit www.thiniceclimate.org Climate science has been coming under increasing attack. Geologist Simon Lamb takes a look at what's really happening with global warming by filming scientists at work in the Arctic, the Antarctic and around the world. The result is a unique exploration of the science behind global warming and an intimate portrait of a global community of researchers racing to understand our planet's changing climate.
Views: 97 Thin Ice
A Solution to Both Carbon Dioxide Levels and Ocean Acidification
Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have demonstrated a method that may help lower atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and counteract ocean acidification. What are your thoughts? Post them in the comments below, and be sure to subscribe. Thanks for watching.