#HurremSultan often called Roxelana, was the favourite (after Mahidevran Sultan) and later the chief consort and legal wife of the Ottoman #SultanSüleymanTheMagnificent.
Please Like and Subscribe to the Channel for More:
⇢ 20 Things You May Not Know About “Ottoman Empire”[ https://youtu.be/zxRZ3uo-s5g ]
Hürrem Sultan was born around c. 1502. Sources indicate that Hurrem Sultan was originally from Ruthenia, which was then part of the Polish Kingdom.
In the 1520s, She was captured as a young girl by Crimean Tatar raiders. The Tatars may have first taken her to the Crimean city of Kaffa, a major centre of the slave trade, before she taken to Constantinople (now Istanbul), the Ottoman capital. In Istanbul, Valide Sultan Hasfa Sultan selected Hurrem as a gift for her son, Sultan Süleyman.
She was the first ever "#HasekiSultan" (favorite of the Sultan) when her husband, Süleyman I, reigned as the Ottoman sultan and became the first consort to hold this title. This title, used for a century, reflected the great power of imperial consorts (most of them were former slaves) in the Ottoman court.
Hurrem stayed with Sultan for the duration of her life. In the Ottoman imperial family tradition, a sultan's consort was to remain in the harem only until her son came of age (around 16 or 17), after which he would be sent away from the capital to govern a faraway province, and his mother would follow him.
The consorts were never to return to Istanbul unless their sons succeeded to the throne. In defiance of this age-old custom, Hurrem stayed behind in the harem with her hunchback son Cihangir, even after her three other sons went to govern the empire's remote provinces.
#Roxelana was made to convert to Islam and entered the harem probably around fifteen years of age. The precise year that she entered the harem is unknown, but scholars believe that she became Süleyman's concubine around the time he became sultan in 1520.
Hurrem's unprecedented rise from harem slave to Süleyman's legal wife and "queen of the Ottoman Empire" attracted jealousy and disfavor not only from her rivals in the harem, but also from the general populace. She soon became Süleyman's most prominent consort beside Mahidevran Sultan.
Süleyman married Hurrem in a magnificent formal ceremony, making him the first Ottoman Sultan to wed since Orhan Ghazi (reign 1326–1362), and violating a 200-year-old custom of the Ottoman imperial house according to which sultans were not to marry their concubines.
Never before was a former slave elevated to the status of the sultan's lawful spouse, much to the astonishment of observers in the palace and in the city.
She had six children with Süleyman: #ŞehzadeMehmed, #MihrimahSultan, #ŞehzadeAbdullah, #SultanSelimII, #ŞehzadeBayezid, and #ŞehzadeCihangir.
She was one of the most powerful and influential women in #OttomanHistory and a prominent and controversial figure during the era known as the #SultanateOfWomen.
She achieved power and influenced the politics of the #OttomanEmpire through her husband and played an active role in the state affairs of the Empire.
She frequently accompanied him as a political adviser. Hurrem's influence on Süleyman was so significant that rumors circulated around the Ottoman Court that the sultan had been bewitched.
Aside from her political concerns, Hurrem engaged in several major works of public buildings, from Mecca to Jerusalem. Among her first foundations were a mosque, two Koranic schools (madrassa), a fountain, and a women's hospital near the women's slave market (Avret Pazary) in Istanbul (Haseki Sultan Complex).
She commissioned a bath, the #HasekiHürremSultan Hamamı, to serve the community of worshippers in the nearby Hagia Sophia. In Jerusalem she established in 1552 the Haseki Sultan Imaret, a public soup kitchen to feed the poor and the needy. This soup kitchen was said to have fed at least 500 people twice a day. She also built Imaret Haseki Hurrem, public soup kitchen in Mecca.
Suleyman’s faithful love and ardor for Hürrem is best illustrated by the love poems he sent to her when he was away on campaigns, under his pen name, “Muhibbi”.
Hürrem passed from an unknown illness on April 15, 1558.
Her mausoleum is adjacent to Süleyman's, a separate and more sombre domed structure, at the courtyard of the Süleymaniye Mosque.
⇢ If you like then please Share and Subscribe to the Channel
You Can Also Check & Join us at: