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Analytical Functions in oracle explained with real examples
 
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This video explains analytical functions and how they are implemented in real projects. Analytical functions are somewhat similar to aggregate functions,but they offer much more. Why use analytical function ? They allow you to write fast and concise queries which otherwise will involve self join and long processing times They allow you to perform aggregate functions independently on sets of partitions. You can access values from previous rows in current row and you can restrict the window on which you want to apply this analytical function. I have given additional practice exercises along with the dataset so that you can comfortably work with analytical functions. You can find the sample problems along with dataset in the below link. http://www.internshipsfromhome.com/oracle-analytical-functions-ddl-and-dml/
Views: 22863 Tech Coach
SQL tutorial 72: NVL SQL NULL function By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Part 1: SQL Null Function NVL learn the concepts of NVL null function in this tutorial with examples and all the Interview concepts covered ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/nvl-sql-null-function Previous Tutorial ► LPAD & RPAD Functions https://youtu.be/nPtbuHPCN6E ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 26005 Manish Sharma
PL-SQL Functions, How to Create PL SQL Function using Table in Oracle 11g Database
 
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PL-SQL Functions, How to Create PL SQL Function using Table in Oracle 11g Database PL-SQL tutorial for Beginners in Hindi and English
SQL tutorial 51: DECODE function in Oracle Database By Manish Sharma (RebellionRider)
 
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SQL Tutorial 51 Decode function in Oracle Database. ● What Is DECODE() ● DECODE ( ) vs CASE ● Syntax of DECODE() ● Query 1. String Matching using DECODE() ● Query 2. DECODE() comparing values form the COLUMN of the table Celebrating 1000 subscribers. Thanks a lot guys for all your love and support. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog: ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the first one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at [email protected] Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 35333 Manish Sharma
Oracle Database11g tutorials 10 ||  SQL Single Row Function (SQL Functions )
 
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Single row functions Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts Email [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from The Code makers ============================================ in this oracle database tutorial we will see what are SQL FUNCTIONS. SQL functions are divided into two categories 1st is Single Row Functions And another one is Multiple row function which is also known as aggregate functions. But in today's SQL tutorial we will concentrate on Single Row Functions. Single-row functions operate on one row at a time and return one row of output for each input row. Single row functions are capable of manipulating data items and modifying the data types. Single row functions return one result per row and act on each row that is returned. Single row functions can accept one or more arguments and return one value. These arguments can be a column or an expression. With oracle we have 5 types of Single Row Functions 1. Character Functions 2. Number Functions 3. General Functions 4. Conversion Functions and 5. Date Functions. Character Functions are further divided into two categories. 1st is Case- manipulation functions and 2nd is Character Manipulation functions. We have 3 case manipulation functions Lower, upper and initcap and 7 character manipulation functions Sql functions concat, substr, length, instr, lpad, rpad, trim and replace. In our future video we will see what these functions are and what they do along with other SQL function. That's it for today's sql tutorial. Hope you enjoyed watching. Please don't forget to subscribe and like. Have a good day. This is Manish.
Views: 95530 Manish Sharma
Oracle SQL Video Tutorial 29 - COUNT function
 
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Oracle SQL Video Tutorials 29 - COUNT function explained.In This Oracle SQL Tutorial for Beginners, I have explained basics of SQL.These examples work on Oracle 10g and Oracle 11g database. These helps youto understand Oracle Joins and helps beginners. Iam going to add more tutorials on Oracle DBA, Oracle RAC and Oracle PL/SQL.All Oracle sql tutorial with examples are executed on Oracle 11g using Oracle SQL Developer.
Views: 2989 Just Channel
Oracle SQL Tutorial : How to return multiple values from the Function in Oracle PL/SQL
 
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Oracle SQL Tutorial Oracle tutorial : How to return multiple values from the Function in Oracle PLSQL pl sql function This video tutorial tell you How to return multiple rows from the Function in Oracle PLSQL Using the TYPE object you can able return multiple rows from the function.Here object concept of oracle is used. Subscribe on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCpiyAesWNYOXSz5GPq8lbkA For more tutorial please visit #techquerypond https://techquerypond.wordpress.com https://twitter.com/techquerypond
Views: 7078 Tech Query Pond
SQL Tutorial - 34: ROUND() Function
 
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In this tutorial we'll see how we can round off numbers conveniently in SQL using the ROUND() Function/
Views: 36787 The Bad Tutorials
SQL 36, trunc function
 
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What you can do with trunc function in SQL
Views: 4137 hammadshams
Oracle Database11g tutorials 12 || SQL Concat Function - SQL character manipulation function
 
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Link for SQL concat function: http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm SQL Concat function/SQL concat() function First function of SQL character manipulation function. Two have in depth knowledge of SQL concatenation operator Please watch my video on SQL concatenation Operator http://youtu.be/PYMeFe72Bas Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Link for SQL function introduction Video 10 http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Link SQL concat Article http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-concat-function.htm Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SQL Concat () function is a Character manipulation function which is a category of SQL character function. We have already discussed the intro of SQL character function in Video 10. You can find link of this video in description below. Ok let's go ahead. SQL Concat () function concatenates two separate character string into one character string. Let's see the syntax Concat (string_1 , String_2) Note here that SQL Concat function takes only two arguments at a time. This SQL Concat function will return string_1 concatenated with string_2. This also means that it will return a single string which is a combined string of parameter String_1 and String_2. Both the parameters of SQL Concat function String_1 and string_2 can be of any data-type. You can even specify the columns of the table here. SQL Concat function is equivalent to the concatenation operator (||). SQL concatenation operator is represented by double solid vertical bars or we can say double pipe signs. Question: How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters and what is the difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? The one answer for the second Question What is the Difference between SQL Concat Function and SQL concatenation operator? Is While SQL Concat function takes only two parameters, The Concat operator can be repeated as often as is necessary. Meaning, by the help of SQL Concat operator you can combine as many strings as you want. And Concatenation operator is also not supported by several databases such as SQL server so this might cause problem. To answer the first question How to concatenate more than two strings as SQL Concat that can have only 2 parameters? We will have to jump over SQL developer. Let's see some examples. Say we want to retrieve the full name of an employee from Employees table. Let's try it using SQL Concat function. SELECT Concat (first_name, last_name) AS "Full Name" FROM employees; Here in this query we use two column names - first_name and last_name as arguments of our Concat function Execute. As you can see here, we get full name of our employee but there is no space in between first name and last name. We will see how to format this string using SQL Concat function in a few seconds But before that, let's see how to do the same task using SQL concatenation operator. SELECT first_name ||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; As you can see this query also produces the same result. Now we will see how to format full name of employees First we will do this using SQL concatenation Operator. SELECT first_name||' '||last_name AS "Full name" FROM employees; Now you can see we get space between first name and last name of the employee. Again, let's do it using SQL Concat function. Here we will see the nested function concept where we will be using nested Concat function to achieve this formatted string. SELECT Concat (Concat (first_name, ' '), last_name) FROM employees; Inner Concat function has two parameters. These are our first column name first_name and an empty string which will be a space between first name and second name. This Concat will now return a string which is the first name with space. This returning string will be the first input of our Outer Concat and column last_name will be the second input. All together this will give us the desired output. As you can see this method is complex than the first one where we use SQL concatenation operator.
Views: 79848 Manish Sharma
SQL To_char Function with excellent examples
 
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SQL To_char Function with excellent examples
Views: 7724 SQL Guru
Sql Training Online - Cast Function
 
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Learn about the Cast function in the SQL Language. Visit http://www.SqlTrainingOnline.com for 30 more FREE videos. The Microsoft SQL Server 2012 cast function is used to convert or change a column datatype when you are querying or filtering in a SQL statement You can visit me at any of the following: SQL Training Online: http://www.sqltrainingonline.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sql_by_joey Google+: https://plus.google.com/#100925239624117719658/posts LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/joeyblue Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/sqltrainingonline
Views: 16214 Joey Blue
Calling PL/SQL Functions From SQL
 
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Isn't it great how you "extend" Oracle SQL by calling your own user-defined PL/SQL functions from within SQL statements? Yes, it really is nice, but there are things you need to know about and take into consideration, from read-consistency to optimizer nuances. Chris Saxon gave an overview of the key issues from performance to correctness. Highlights include: 03:30 - performance comparison of plain SQL vs. calling PL/SQL function 04:30 - SQL to PL/SQL context switches; what they are and how they affect performance 06:10 - Techniques to make calling PL/SQL from SQL faster: scalar subquery caching, deterministic keyword, function result cache, pragma UDF 14:00 - Performance comparison of these options 21:20 - Performance comparison when calling non-deterministic functions 35:30 - The danger when you have SQL that calls PL/SQL that calls SQL 41:30 - Calling PL/SQL in SQL dos and don'ts AskTOM Office Hours offers free, monthly training and tips on how to make the most of Oracle Database, from Oracle product managers, developers and evangelists. https://asktom.oracle.com/ Oracle Developers portal: https://developer.oracle.com/ Sign up for an Oracle Cloud trial: https://cloud.oracle.com/en_US/tryit
Views: 557 Oracle Developers
How to return multiple values from a function in oracle pl/sql ? (without using out parameter)
 
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This video demonstrates how a function can return multiple values to the calling environment, but without using multiple out parameters, the video shows an example on how we can create a object, a nested table based on the object and then returning the nested table type from the function.
Views: 20500 Kishan Mashru
SQL tutorial 71: LPAD and RPAD SQL Function By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Learn the step by step concepts of Lpad and Rpad SQL functions In oracle Database with example By Manish Sharma RebellionRider ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/lpad-and-rpad-sql-functions Previous Tutorial ►Tut 10 SQL Single Row Function https://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI ►Tut 11 case and character manipulation functions https://youtu.be/243Pqbta7oI ►Tut 12 SQL Concat Function https://youtu.be/De8UvHro5UY ►Tut 13 SQL substr function https://youtu.be/f52uKYyYFoU ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 21580 Manish Sharma
NVL FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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This video is the 1st video in the series of 'working with null in oracle sql', the video demonstrates the purpose and use of NVL function in oracle with perfect and easy to understand example. The NVL function is used to replace NULL values by another value.
Views: 1660 Kishan Mashru
DECODE FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL
 
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This video tutorial explains with proper example on how to write a decode statement, this video also demonstrates how the decode statement behaves on null values and implicit datatype conversion that happens in a decode statement.
Views: 2688 Kishan Mashru
Oracle Database11g tutorials 11: SQL case manipulation function in Oracle Database
 
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Part 2 SQL functions- character function -case manipulation functions Previous Video Link :: http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As discuss in last video we have 3 case manipulation functions. In case you miss the SQL functions intro video you can find the link in the description below. First let's see what these functions are. Upper (): This function takes a parameter converts it into uppercase and returns the new string. Initcap (): this function also takes parameter and converts the initial letter of or parameter into uppercase and returns the new string. Lower (): This function takes a parameter converts it into lowercase and returns the new string. Ok let's do some practical For this practical we will be using 2 tables First is dual table Which is a dummy table provided by oracle? And I have created another table again by the name of example. This will be our second table. Let's start with SQL function upper ( ); SELECT upper('hello world') FROM dual; As you can see I have used "hello world" completely in lowercase as parameter to SQL upper function. Execute it. Here, our result has given us a completely new hello world string which is in uppercase. Similarly you can also use SQL upper function to perform other DML Let's try This time we will work on our second table EXAMPLE; insert into example values (upper('manish')); first parentheses for values and second for SQL function upper. Let's check the result. As you can see here inserted value is in upper case. Lets compare it with simple insert query Insert into example values ('manish'); Execute it, i think now it's clear that when we perform simple insert DML the inserted value will be the same you provide. Similarly let's try SQL function initcap(); SELECT initcap('hello world') FROM dual; As you see here in result the initial letters of string hello world are in uppercase. Let's do the insert query insert into example values (initcap('hello world')); initial letters of string also are in uppercase. Let's try SQL function lower(); This time we have to write our hello world in all caps. SELECT lower('HELLO WORLD') FROM dual; Execute String totally in lower case. Similarly you can user SQL function lower in other DML like insert and all.
Views: 87887 Manish Sharma
Oracle and Java tutorial. Java Stored Procedure
 
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More lessons: http://www.learn-with-video-tutorials.com/oracle-and-java-tutorial-video Creating Java class, Loading the Class into the Oracle Database, Java Stored Procedure
Oracle Database11g tutorials 13 || SQL substr function / SQL substring function
 
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link of SQL substr blog : http://www.rebellionrider.com/SQL-substr-function.htm SQL substr function SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- As the name suggests SQL Substr function will return substring from a given source string. Let's see the Syntax Substr (source_string, start_pos, Substr_length) As we can see SQL substr function takes 3 parameters. First one is Source string from which you want to extract the segment. Second parameter is Starting position for sub string from the Source string. And the third parameter is Substr_length which is the length for the substring. First two parameters are mandatory to specify while third one is optional. So we can say. SQL Substr function will return a sub string of a specified length from the source string beginning at a given position. First parameter source string can be of any data type CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, or NCLOB whereas both start_pos, Substr_length parameters must be number data type. The returning result of SQL Substr function is of same data type of source string. Let's see an example of SQL Substr function. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,14) FROM dual; Here in this query url of my website www.RebellionRider.com is our source string with the total length of 22 characters, Now, I want to extract the name of my website that is, RebellionRider. So if you count the total length of the name of the website, it is 14. That's why I have specified 14 as my third parameter of SQL Substr function which is substr_length. Also the name of the website RebellionRider is starting from 5th position therefore I have specified 5 at second parameter of SQL substr function which is strt_pos or starting position. Execute it. Here is our result RebellionRider When starting position is larger than the length of source string. In this case SQL Substr function will return NULL as a result. Let's do an example. SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',23,14) FROM dual; As you can see here I have specified 23 at starting position and the total length of our source string is 22 characters Let's execute And the result is Null. Second scenario When the Substr_length is greater than source string In this case the segment return is the substring from starting position to the end of the string. For example SELECT substr('www.RebellionRider.com',5,23) FROM dual; Our starting position is at 5 means at the first R of RebellionRider and length of substring is set to 23 which is greater than the length of source string that is 22. Execute. As you can see we get a substring from first R of RebellionRider till the end of the source String. Third scenario When you supply numeric or arithmetic expression or a DATE instead of character as Source string to SQL Substr function In this scenario If you have supplied a numeric string instead of character as source string, the oracle engine casts them as a character when they occur as parameter to SQL Substr function. And if you have supplied Arithmetic expression or a DATE then The Oracle engine first solves or evaluates the Arithmetic expression or the DATE Then casts them as a character. Means if you have arithmetic expression in your source string then oracle will first solve it and then change or say cast the value of its result into character. Let's see some example. SELECT substr(50000-7,2,4) FROM dual; Oracle first evaluates the arithmetic expression that is 50000-7 equals to 49993. And then oracle engine casts this result 49993 into a character string. Means 49993 will be a 5 characters string. Starting position of substring is 2, that means from the first 9 of 49993 We specified the length of substring is 4 so we must get 9993 as our result. Let's check execute
Views: 81883 Manish Sharma
SQL tutorial 74: SQL COALESCE Function In oracle Database Manish Sharma
 
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Third tutorial in SQL Null Series. Coalesce Null function with example in oracle Database. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : http://bit.ly/sql-coalesce Previous Tutorial ► NVL https://youtu.be/aRoTR5Jn6K0 ► NVL2 https://youtu.be/SCwc0HcS1-U ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Let's Get Free Uber Cab◄◄◄ Use Referral Code UberRebellionRider and get $20 free for your first ride. ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 27679 Manish Sharma
SQL: Extract function
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of extract function. PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4288 radhikaravikumar
SQL: Rank & Dense_rank functions
 
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In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between rank() and dense_rank() functions..
Views: 28040 radhikaravikumar
PL/SQL:NVL/NVL2/Coalesce function
 
05:26
In this tutorial, you'll learn the difference between NVL,NVL2 &Coalesce functions PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 4823 radhikaravikumar
Tutorial#51 How to use  modulus function in Oracle SQL Database| MOD Function in SQL
 
03:34
Explaining how to get mod of column/number in oracle database MOD function returns the remainder of m divided by n or Numeric Functions - Ceil, Floor, Round, mod, replace, power or How to use modulus function in SQL or what is the numeric function oracle SQL database ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Assignment link: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1UWnmiSVUOaW7PV-QdF0MmY8o5sfSE9_g ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 47 EqualConnect Coach
Getting Started with PL/SQL Table Functions: Pipelined Table Functions
 
14:49
Pipelined table functions are table functions in which rows are returned or "piped" back to the calling query before the function has completed, avoiding the blocking behavior of normal PL/SQL functions and reduce PGA consumption. This video is part of the Oracle Dev Gym class "Getting Started with Table Functions". You can watch it independent of the class, but then you miss out on the tutorials and quizzes! So visit https://devgym.oracle.com/pls/apex/dg/class/getting-started-with-pl-sql-table-functions.html and register for the class! ======================================== Practically Perfect PL/SQL with Steven Feuerstein Copyright © 2018 Oracle and/or its affiliates. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Other names may be registered trademarks of their respective owners. Oracle disclaims any warranties or representations as to the accuracy or completeness of this recording, demonstration, and/or written materials (the “Materials”). The Materials are provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including without limitation warranties or merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.
COALESCE Function in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
03:53
ORACLE/PLSQL: COALESCE FUNCTION The Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function returns the first non-null expression in the list. If all expressions evaluate to null, then the COALESCE function will return null. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL COALESCE function is: coalesce( expr1, expr2, ... expr_n ) PARAMETERS: expr1 to expr_n are the expressions to test for non-null values. EXAMPLE: The COALESCE function can be used in Oracle/PLSQL. You could use the coalesce function in a SQL statement as follows: SELECT COALESCE( address1, address2, address3 ) result FROM suppliers; The above COALESCE function is equivalent to the following IF-THEN-ELSE statement: IF address1 is not null THEN result := address1; ELSIF address2 is not null THEN result := address2; ELSIF address3 is not null THEN result := address3; ELSE result := null; END IF; The COALESCE function will compare each value, one by one. Lets apply the same to emp table. We have some NULL values in comm and mgr columns. but not in any other columns. So lets take a example for this 2 columns. COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) Here if comm is null, function returns mgr value. If mgr is null it returns sal value! Query used in video: SELECT ename,comm,mgr,sal,COALESCE(comm,mgr,sal) result FROM emp;
Views: 6428 WingsOfTechnology
SQL CAST Function - how to use CAST Function
 
02:09
SQL CAST function converts an expression from one datatype to another datatype. visit Dose for excel Add-In website: http://www.zbrainsoft.com/ Visit our channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCI4bMWYzrBTs47KINXL92Kw
Stored Procedures in PL/SQL | Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial Videos | Mr.Vijay Kumar
 
18:54
Stored Procedures:- A Stored Procedure is also a Named PL/SQL block the accepts some input in the form of parameters and performs some task and many or many not returns a value Procedures are created to perform one or more dml operations over database.
Views: 54685 Naresh i Technologies
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PROCEDURE AND FUNCTION IN ORACLE PL/SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
06:33
The audio and video now synced. This video is a free tutorial on the difference between procedure and a function. The tutorial demonstrates the difference between oracle PL/SQL stored procedure and a function, also it shows the different type of return statement in both of the database objects and various ways to execute a procedure and a function. By learning the difference the users can make an effective judgment on when to use procedure and when to use a function. If you want more such videos of exciting and amazing 'difference between' concepts, check out the links below: union and union all: https://youtu.be/n9FqQOd8liY char and varchar2: https://youtu.be/039qzwjWf4k replace and translate: https://youtu.be/HKYF77BGzOE in and exists: https://youtu.be/REX4IjRYlFw rank and dense_rank: https://youtu.be/WGSX998hZ9M delete and truncate: https://youtu.be/u76wMm2byXo %type and %rowtype: https://youtu.be/MlLUFeZ_3eM
Views: 4727 Kishan Mashru
Tutorial#42  INSTR function in Oracle SQL Database| How to find position of substring
 
12:33
The Oracle INSTR function allows you to search a string for the occurrence of another string, and return the position of the occurrence within a string or find all occurrences of a substring in a string SQL or SQL find a character in a string or how to make use of Instr function or what is INSTR function in Oracle Assignment link: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1tKa7YJtreZn5mga7xGJrTlp5Vsv2pixm In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: Rakeshchannel[email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR #OracleSQLInstrFunction #SQLFunction #FreeMaterialForSQL
Views: 191 EqualConnect Coach
EXIST Function in SQL
 
08:04
Join Discussion: http://www.techtud.com/video-lecture/exist-function-sql IMPORTANT LINKS: 1) Official Website: http://www.techtud.com/ 2) Virtual GATE: http://virtualgate.in/login/index.php Both of the above mentioned platforms are COMPLETELY FREE, so feel free to Explore, Learn, Practice & Share! Our Social Media Links: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/techtuduniversity Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/virtualgate Google+ Page: https://plus.google.com/+techtud/posts Last but not the least, SUBSCRIBE our YouTube channel to stay updated about the regularly uploaded new videos.
Views: 38151 Techtud
SQL : INSTR function
 
05:06
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of Instr function...
Views: 19656 radhikaravikumar
Using the AVG function (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
02:59
Find the average of values using the AVG function. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 204 Database Star
PL/SQL Tutorial | Function in Oracle Database | User Defined Function
 
20:54
Learn in depth about user defined function in oracle, usage of function in Database. Creating function and handling exception inside function. Function in Oracle, Function in PL/SQL, Oracle Function tutorial, PL/SQL Function, User defined function in PL/SQL, What is Function in pl/sql, How to use Function in pl/sql, How to write a Function in oracle, How to create user defined function in pl/sql, How to create Function in pl/sql, Parameterized Function in pl/sql, Benefit of using Function in oracle, Executing Function, Dropping Function, Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/aditya-kumar-roy-b3673368/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpecializeAutomation/
Oracle SQL: Use Analytical Functions
 
02:47
http://www.informit.com/store/oracle-sql-livelessons-video-training-downloadable-9780134275741?WT.mc_id=Social_YT Oracle SQL: Use Analytical Functions is an excerpt from Oracle SQL LiveLessons Video Training -- 6+ Hours of Video -- Oracle SQL LiveLessons Video Training covers the basics of the Oracle SQL programming language. This course covers both Oracle standard SQL and the ANSI approved SQL that Oracle supports. The focus of the course is to give students working knowledge of the Oracle SQL language and at the conclusion of this course, students should be able to query the Oracle database. Description In this LiveLessons video course, Oracle ACE Director Dan Hotka will teach you how to use the SQL query language, interpret business questions into SQL code, and how to use Where clauses sub-queries, complex table join conditions, and how to create table objects and populate tables with data. Students will also learn how to access Oracle from Microsoft products such as Excel. In addition, they will learn how analytical SQL can be used for business analysis. This course will use both Toad and SQL Developer for SQL examples. About the Instructor Dan Hotka is a training specialist and an Oracle ACE director who has more than 37 years in the computer industry and more than 31 years of experience with Oracle products. His experience with the Oracle RDBMS dates back to the Oracle V4.0 days. Dan enjoys sharing his knowledge of the Oracle RDBMS. Dan is well published with 12 Oracle books and well over 200 published articles. He is also the video author for Oracle SQL Performance Tuning for Developers LiveLessons and Oracle PL/SQL Programming Fundamentals. He is frequently published in Oracle trade journals, regularly blogs, and speaks at Oracle conferences and user groups around the world. Visit his website at www.DanHotka.com. Skill Level Beginner Learn How To Use the SQL query language Interpret business questions into SQL code Understand Oracle standard SQL and ANSI SQL Work with Where clauses, sub-queries, and complex table join conditions Create table objects and populate these tables with data Access Oracle from Microsoft products such as Excel Use analytical SQL, useful for business analysts Who Should Take This Course Students who are new to SQL and want to learn Oracle SQL Course Requirements Basic knowledge of what is a database, especially RDBMS and what is a computer programming language http://www.informit.com/store/oracle-sql-livelessons-video-training-downloadable-9780134275741?WT.mc_id=Social_YT
Views: 1286 LiveLessons
SQL : Substr function
 
03:36
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of substring function...
Views: 10688 radhikaravikumar
Tutorial#32 How to use INITCAP function in Oracle SQL | Make First Letter of String as Capital
 
04:26
Convert the first letter in the capital using INITCAP function in Oracle SQL or how to use the inticap function in SQL or SQL server capitalize the first letter of every word In this series we cover the following topics: SQL basics, create table oracle, SQL functions, SQL queries, SQL server, SQL developer installation, Oracle database installation, SQL Statement, OCA, Data Types, Types of data types, SQL Logical Operator, SQL Function,Join- Inner Join, Outer join, right outer join, left outer join, full outer join, self-join, cross join, View, SubQuery, Set Operator. Link for Assignment: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1N2CqFdll6kCl3u1F1VFW5P5byM3MOiLM follow me on: Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/LrnWthr-319371861902642/?ref=bookmarks Contacts Email: [email protected] Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/equalconnect/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/LrnWthR
Views: 173 EqualConnect Coach
Efficient Function Calls From SQL (Part 5) : Pipelined Table Functions
 
03:48
The fifth part of a mini-series of videos showing how you can improve the performance of function calls from SQL. In this episode, we compare the performance of conventions table functions with pipelined table functions. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/pipelined-table-functions https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/efficient-function-calls-from-sql Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Mike Dietrich : Blog: https://blogs.oracle.com/UPGRADE Twitter: https://twitter.com/MikeDietrichDE Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 12080 ORACLE-BASE.com
Oracle SQL Function Part- 2 by Dinesh
 
16:01
DURGASOFT is INDIA's No.1 Software Training Center offers online training on various technologies like JAVA, .NET , ANDROID,HADOOP,TESTING TOOLS ,ADF,INFORMATICA,TABLEAU,IPHONE,OBIEE,ANJULAR JS, SAP... courses from Hyderabad & Bangalore -India with Real Time Experts. Mail us your requirements to [email protected] so that our Supporting Team will arrange Demo Sessions. Ph:Call +91-8885252627,+91-7207212428,+91-7207212427,+91-8096969696. http://durgasoft.com http://durgasoftonlinetraining.com https://www.facebook.com/durgasoftware http://durgajobs.com https://www.facebook.com/durgajobsinfo......
SQL: LEAD Function
 
06:30
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make use of lead function in oracle sql PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 2175 radhikaravikumar
SQL: TRIM function
 
06:35
In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use trim function PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is Oracle Corporation's procedural extension for SQL and the Oracle relational database. PL/SQL is available in Oracle Database (since version 7), TimesTen in-memory database (since version 11.2.1), and IBM DB2 (since version 9.7).[1] Oracle Corporation usually extends PL/SQL functionality with each successive release of the Oracle Database. PL/SQL includes procedural language elements such as conditions and loops. It allows declaration of constants and variables, procedures and functions, types and variables of those types, and triggers. It can handle exceptions (runtime errors). Arrays are supported involving the use of PL/SQL collections. Implementations from version 8 of Oracle Database onwards have included features associated with object-orientation. One can create PL/SQL units such as procedures, functions, packages, types, and triggers, which are stored in the database for reuse by applications that use any of the Oracle Database programmatic interfaces. PL/SQL works analogously to the embedded procedural languages associated with other relational databases. For example, Sybase ASE and Microsoft SQL Server have Transact-SQL, PostgreSQL has PL/pgSQL (which emulates PL/SQL to an extent), and IBM DB2 includes SQL Procedural Language,[2] which conforms to the ISO SQL’s SQL/PSM standard. The designers of PL/SQL modeled its syntax on that of Ada. Both Ada and PL/SQL have Pascal as a common ancestor, and so PL/SQL also resembles Pascal in several aspects. However, the structure of a PL/SQL package does not resemble the basic Object Pascal program structure as implemented by a Borland Delphi or Free Pascal unit. Programmers can define public and private global data-types, constants and static variables in a PL/SQL package.[3] PL/SQL also allows for the definition of classes and instantiating these as objects in PL/SQL code. This resembles usage in object-oriented programming languages like Object Pascal, C++ and Java. PL/SQL refers to a class as an "Abstract Data Type" (ADT) or "User Defined Type" (UDT), and defines it as an Oracle SQL data-type as opposed to a PL/SQL user-defined type, allowing its use in both the Oracle SQL Engine and the Oracle PL/SQL engine. The constructor and methods of an Abstract Data Type are written in PL/SQL. The resulting Abstract Data Type can operate as an object class in PL/SQL. Such objects can also persist as column values in Oracle database tables. PL/SQL is fundamentally distinct from Transact-SQL, despite superficial similarities. Porting code from one to the other usually involves non-trivial work, not only due to the differences in the feature sets of the two languages,[4] but also due to the very significant differences in the way Oracle and SQL Server deal with concurrency and locking. There are software tools available that claim to facilitate porting including Oracle Translation Scratch Editor,[5] CEITON MSSQL/Oracle Compiler [6] and SwisSQL.[7] The StepSqlite product is a PL/SQL compiler for the popular small database SQLite. PL/SQL Program Unit A PL/SQL program unit is one of the following: PL/SQL anonymous block, procedure, function, package specification, package body, trigger, type specification, type body, library. Program units are the PL/SQL source code that is compiled, developed and ultimately executed on the database. The basic unit of a PL/SQL source program is the block, which groups together related declarations and statements. A PL/SQL block is defined by the keywords DECLARE, BEGIN, EXCEPTION, and END. These keywords divide the block into a declarative part, an executable part, and an exception-handling part. The declaration section is optional and may be used to define and initialize constants and variables. If a variable is not initialized then it defaults to NULL value. The optional exception-handling part is used to handle run time errors. Only the executable part is required. A block can have a label. Package Packages are groups of conceptually linked functions, procedures, variables, PL/SQL table and record TYPE statements, constants, cursors etc. The use of packages promotes re-use of code. Packages are composed of the package specification and an optional package body. The specification is the interface to the application; it declares the types, variables, constants, exceptions, cursors, and subprograms available. The body fully defines cursors and subprograms, and so implements the specification. Two advantages of packages are: Modular approach, encapsulation/hiding of business logic, security, performance improvement, re-usability. They support object-oriented programming features like function overloading and encapsulation. Using package variables one can declare session level (scoped) variables, since variables declared in the package specification have a session scope.
Views: 3010 radhikaravikumar
NVL2 FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
05:40
This video is the 2nd video in the series of 'working with null in oracle sql' , the video explains and demonstrates the use of nvl2 function in oracle sql with simple and easy to understand example.
Views: 1710 Kishan Mashru
Learn Oracle | Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL
 
03:31
Pebbles present, Learn Oracle 10g with Step By Step Video Tutorials. Learn Oracle 10g Tutorial series contains the following videos : Learn Oracle - History of Oracle Learn Oracle - What is Oracle - Why do we need Oracle Learn Oracle - What is a Database Learn Oracle - What is Grid Computing Learn Oracle - What is Normalization Learn Oracle - What is ORDBMS Learn Oracle - What is RDBMS Learn Oracle - Alias Names, Concatenation, Distinct Keyword Learn Oracle - Controlling and Managing User Access (Data Control Language) Learn Oracle - Introduction to SQL Learn Oracle - Oracle 10g New Data Types Learn Oracle - How to Alter a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Package in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Report in SQL Plus Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL - Not Null, Unique Key, Primary Key Learn Oracle - How to Create a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Create a Trigger in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to Delete Data from a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Drop and Truncate a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to Insert Data in a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to open ISQL Plus for the first time Learn Oracle - How to Open SQL Plus for the First Time Learn Oracle - How to Update a Table using SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Aggregate Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Functions in PL SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Group By, Having Clause in SQL Learn Oracle - How to Use Joins, Cross Join, Cartesian Product in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use Outer Joins (Left, Right, Full) in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Character Functions, Date Functions in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the Merge Statement in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use the ORDER BY Clause with the Select Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the SELECT Statement Learn Oracle - How to use the Transactional Control Statements in SQL Learn Oracle - How to use PL SQL Learn Oracle - Data Types in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Exception Handling in PL SQL Learn Oracle - PL SQL Conditional Logics Learn Oracle - PL SQL Cursor Types - Explicit Cursor, Implicit Cursor Learn Oracle - PL SQL Loops Learn Oracle - Procedure Creation in PL SQL Learn Oracle - Select Statement with WHERE Cause Learn Oracle - SQL Operators and their Precedence Learn Oracle - Using Case Function, Decode Function in SQL Learn Oracle - Using Logical Operators in the WHERE Clause of the Select Statement Learn Oracle - Using Rollup Function, Cube Function Learn Oracle - Using Set Operators in SQL Learn Oracle - What are the Different SQL Data Types Learn Oracle - What are the different types of Databases Visit Pebbles Official Website - http://www.pebbles.in Subscribe to our Channel – https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNNjWVsQqaMYccY044vtHJw?sub_confirmation=1 Engage with us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PebblesChennai Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 409 Pebbles Tutorials
Oracle SQL MEDIAN Function Examples and Guide
 
03:28
https://www.databasestar.com/median-mean-mode-in-oracle/ In this video, you’ll learn what the term “median” means, and how to generate an Oracle SQL median value. What is median? It’s the middle value in a list of values, after the values have been sorted in ascending order. It’s kind of like an average, but it’s different, as the average finds the total of the values divided by the number of values and will often not be one of the values in the list. Median will usually be the value in the list that is the middle point. So, how can you calculate the median in Oracle SQL? We use a function called MEDIAN. And in this video, I’ll show you how to use the function and see some examples. For more information on the MEDIAN function, including the SQL used in this video, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/median-mean-mode-in-oracle/
Views: 296 Database Star
HOW TO RETURN MULTIPLE VALUES FROM A PROCEDURE IN ORACLE PL/SQL? (USING OUT PARAMETERS)
 
04:46
This video tutorial explains how an oracle procedure can return multiple values with a proper example. The video tutorial shows how this problem can be tacked using simple and easy to understand out parameters!!!
Views: 14018 Kishan Mashru
Using the MAX and MIN functions (Introduction to Oracle SQL)
 
04:23
Learn how to use the MAX and MIN functions. The full Introduction to Oracle SQL course is available here: https://www.databasestar.com/introduction-to-oracle-sql-course/
Views: 117 Database Star
CASE Function( IF..THEN..ELSE) in SQL ORACLE Query With Example
 
04:03
ORACLE/PLSQL: CASE STATEMENT The Oracle/PLSQL CASE statement has the functionality of an IF-THEN-ELSE statement. Starting in Oracle 9i, you can use the CASE statement within a SQL statement. The syntax for the Oracle/PLSQL CASE statement is: CASE [ expression ] WHEN condition_1 THEN result_1 WHEN condition_2 THEN result_2 ... WHEN condition_n THEN result_n ELSE result END --------- ARGUMENTS: expression is optional. It is the value that you are comparing to the list of conditions. (ie: condition_1, condition_2, ... condition_n) condition_1 to condition_n must all be the same datatype. Conditions are evaluated in the order listed. Once a condition is found to be true, the CASE statement will return the result and not evaluate the conditions any further. result_1 to result_n must all be the same datatype. This is the value returned once a condition is found to be true. NOTE: If no condition is found to be true, then the CASE statement will return the value in the ELSE clause. If the ELSE clause is omitted and no condition is found to be true, then the CASE statement will return NULL. You can have up to 255 comparisons in a CASE statement. Each WHEN ... THEN clause is considered 2 comparisons. Lets apply this function on emp table. Emp table has 3 dept numbers like 10,20 and 30. So if I want to display the different dept names based on ID, I have to use IF THEN ELSE condition. IF deptno=10 THEN "DEPT1" ELSE deptno=20 THEN "DEPT2" ELSE deptno=30 THEN "DEPT3" This entire IF block can be achived using CASE. CASE deptno WHEN 10 THEN 'DEPT1' WHEN 20 THEN 'DEPT2' WHEN 30 THEN 'DEPT3' ELSE 'NO DEPT' END; Query used in Video: select empno,ename,deptno,CASE deptno WHEN 10 THEN 'DEPT1' WHEN 20 THEN 'DEPT2' WHEN 30 THEN 'DEPT3' ELSE 'No Dept' END from emp;
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NULLIF FUNCTION IN ORACLE SQL WITH EXAMPLE
 
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This video is the 3rd video in the series of 'working with null in oracle sql', the video demonstrates the use of NULLIF function in oracle sql, and how we can use it in day to day coding time. The video explains the function with perfect easy to understand example.
Views: 1456 Kishan Mashru
86. COUNT Function in SQL (Hindi)
 
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