Troy was a city situated in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida. The present-day location is known as Hisarlik. It was the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle, in particular in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggests that the name Ἴλιον (Ilion) formerly began with a digamma: Ϝίλιον (Wilion); this is also supported by the Hittite name for what is thought to be the same city, Wilusa. A new capital called Ilium was founded on the site in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople, became a bishopric and declined gradually in the Byzantine era, but is now a Latin Catholic titular see. In 1865, English archaeologist Frank Calvert excavated trial trenches in a field he had bought from a local farmer at Hisarlik, and in 1868, Heinrich Schliemann, a wealthy German businessman and archaeologist, also began excavating in the area after a chance meeting with Calvert in Çanakkale. These excavations revealed several cities built in succession. Schliemann was at first skeptical about the identification of Hisarlik with Troy, but was persuaded by Calvert and took over Calvert's excavations on the eastern half of the Hisarlik site, which was on Calvert's property. Troy VII has been identified with the city called Wilusa by the Hittites, the probable origin of the Greek Ἴλιον, and is generally identified with Homeric Troy. Today, the hill at Hisarlik has given its name to a small village near the ruins, which supports the tourist trade visiting the Troia archaeological site. It lies within the province of Çanakkale, some 30 km south-west of the provincial capital, also called Çanakkale. The nearest village is Tevfikiye. The map here shows the adapted Scamander estuary with Ilium a little way inland across the Homeric plain. Due to Troy's location near the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Black Sea, it was a central hub for the military and trade. Troy was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998. The walls of Troy, first erected in the Bronze Age between 3000 and 2600 BC, are its main defense. The remains of the walls have been studied through the aforementioned excavations that shed light onto the historical city itself and the mythological implications as the walls protected the citadel during the Trojan War. The fortifications display the importance of defense to the Trojans and how warfare is a prominent issue for ancient cities. The walls surround the city, lasting for several hundred meters and at the time they were built, they were over 17 feet tall. They were made of limestone with watchtowers and brick ramparts, or elevated mounds that serve as protective barriers. Throughout all of the phases, the walls served as the largest fortification for the city of Troy to protect the Trojans against any enemies. Defense mechanisms like the Walls of Troy shed light onto the larger topic of warfare in ancient times. Warfare was a large issue in not only Ancient Greece, but locations nearby, such as Asia Minor.
The effective home remedies for baldness and hair loss in men include oil massages and including coconut milk, eggs, avocados, orange juice, aloe vera, neem paste, henna, mayonnaise, honey, black pepper, vinegar, and lemon juice in their diet. The remedies also include cutting back on red meat, eating nuts and brown rice, boosting B-complex vitamin intake, and maintaining good thyroid health.
For millions of men across the world, regardless of culture, class, nationality, religion, or color, hair loss is an unavoidable aspect of growing older. Fortunate are those who do not face hair loss problems even in their old age. However, a majority of men face this issue in their 40s, 50s, or even earlier.
Causes of Baldness or Hair Loss in Men.
There are a number of causes of male hair loss, including:
Male pattern baldness Alopecia Fungal infections Psychological disorders Chemotherapy side effects Nutrient deficiencies Hormonal imbalances Lack of circulation on the scalp Stress.
It is important to note that hair loss occurs in women as well, for some similar reasons, and some different ones. We will cover hair loss in women in a separate article. Men predominantly suffer from this health condition, particularly male pattern baldness and early onset hair loss from age 20-40.
However, there are ways to slow down the rate of male hair loss or baldness, and even stimulating the hair follicles to reproduce hair. A few home remedies for hair loss and baldness issue are discussed below.